This electron source delivers a high power density beam into a small spot, for applications including evaporation, X-ray generation, thermal shocks, annealing, and detector testing.
Energy range 1 keV to 20 keV
Beam size (min.) <150 µm at low current and 150 mm WD and max. energy
Beam current max.
Working distance 150 mm – 750 mm
Basic beam blanking
The unique design of STAIB’s electron sources has several advantages over the classic triode gun configuration.
Beam blanking is one such advantage. The beam can be switched on and off electrically, using a manual switch, controlling electron extraction from the filament. This method avoids the generation of stray electrons.
Additionally a full beam blanking option is available. Here the electron beam can be turned on and off using a TTL type input through a BNC connector.
The full beam blanking option can be used to keep the electron load on the sample very low. Electron bombardment of sensitive surfaces can be kept to a minimum. The blanking signal can also be triggered synchronously with external signals to improve the use of the electron source in the presence of stray magnetic fields by compensating their effect. The external trigger can also be utilized to synchronize with rotating samples, which is important for in situ monitoring in some deposition techniques.
Electron sources from STAIB produce an electron beam that can be pulsed to produce sharp power pulses up to the microsecond range. Applications include sample annealing, heat treatment, evaporation, heat shocks, and luminescense studies.
Beam pulsing is available on all focused electron sources offered by STAIB Instruments. Several standard pulsing options are available to cover a wide range of frequencies. Customization is also available to meet the needs of specific experiments, such as additional ranges of pulse widths.
Fast pulsing systems
Pulsing to 100 Hz can be provided as an option to the electron source power supply. For pulsing beyond this frequency, in addition to the electron source and power supply, a pulsing unit plus a special high voltage cable, that provides an input from the pulse unit (a pulse control signal), are needed. The pulsing unit has an internal clock or allows an external TTL pulse signal to give it a reference signal. Several standard pulsing units are available to cover a large range of frequencies. Other ranges of pulse widths are available on request.
In many challanging environments, the vacuum conditions are not good enough to operate an electron gun.
Electron sources from STAIB Instruments are available with a differential pumping option for pressures greater than 10-5 mbar. By utilizing a turbo pump (>40 l/s) attached to a special flange on the electron gun, the system continues to work well up to a few 10-3 mbar. Efficient pumping of the filament section of the source offers unbeatable versatility. For higher pressures, the double differential pumping option (e.g. TorrRHEED™) is available, which still allows the complete electronic control of the beam.
STAIB Instruments has designed a patented system of beam steering that electronically controls the beam position and deflection angle.
With the patented STAIB Advanced beam steering™, the beam angle can be changed with a unique double deflection system. The beam can easily be manipulated on the sample without changing a mechanical alignment. This gives the operator the desired degrees of freedom for easy and simple alignment of the electron beam setup. Even double beam rocking can easily be performed.
The Advanced beam steering™ is also used in the parallel beam shift option, which combines beam rocking (in X) and the parallel shifting of the beam (in Y). The electron beam can thus be used to analyze different positions on the sample at the same angle (incidence and azimuth).
The computer control option for STAIB electron guns consists of two parts.
1: Power supply computer control plug
The electron source power supply is equipped with an optional computer connection plug for use with analog control signals. The electron source system can either be operated by using the manual control dials, or by using the optional computer control. The control voltages can either be provided by 3rd party software through a suitable DAC interface, or by the STAIB computer control module.
2: STAIB computer control module
The STAIB computer control option includes the cables and microprocessor interface to connect to the power supply computer control plug. The STAIB software sends the input signals to the power supply to control the system functions. Full parameter sets can be stored, modified, and reused. The advanced version of the STAIB computer control module can retrieve and copy the adjusted values from the manual control dials, providing the user with previously unavailable ease of use.
The option runs under the WindowsTM XP, WindowsTM 7, WindowsTM 10 operating systems, using a USB connection.
STAIB Instruments electron sources can be equipped with magnetic shielding. The shielding may be necessary because a magnetic field influences the electron beam. A static or DC magnetic field will shift the beam and an alternating field will wobble the beam. This can cause fluctuations in beam position, size and current.
The magnetic shielding is made of a highly ferromagnetic material. For this reason, it can be used to shield low frequency magnetic fields from the surrounding environment.
STAIB Instruments offers Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) products designed around our electron sources.
For beam diameters below ca. 10 microns, bright and detailed images of the sample are obtained in SEM mode. A number of specific electron guns covering a wide range of beam diameters and energies are available.
The elements of the system are:
Electron gun and power supply
Any of our microfocus sources may be used. Other STAIB electron sources may be used if higher lateral resolution is not needed.
The Beam Current Controller (BCC) is a microcontroller based unit used to regulate the electron beam current of the electron gun, as used in RHEED or AUGER techniques.
Regulation of the electron beam current to a fixed, precise, user-adjusted value is important when the electron gun is working in a higher pressure range and when using reactive gases in the vacuum chamber. Once adjusted, the BCC will regulate the beam current to the assigned value, even after gun parameters like beam energy or focus are modified. Operating values can be saved and will be kept after restarting the BCC module, ensuring identical experimental conditions.